In this article, I will show you the size comparison of major cities located in Canada.
Canada is comprised of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Each one of these has a capital city which is generally the largest in population and size although that is not always the case. Canada has over 1000 cities and municipalities in total, but for this article, I will compare the largest city of each province and territory.
Provinces and territories in Canada with the capital city
- British Columbia – Victoria
- Alberta – Edmonton
- Saskatchewan – Regina
- Manitoba – Winnipeg
- Ontario – Ottawa
- Quebec – Quebec City
- New Brunswick – Fredericton
- Prince Edward Island – Charlottetown
- Nova Scotia – Halifax
- Newfoundland – St.John’s
- Yukon – Whitehorse
- Nunavut – Iqaluit
- Northwest Territories – Yellowknife
|Province/Territory and Capital||Population||Area|
|British Columbia – Victoria||92,141||19.5 square kilometers|
|Alberta – Edmonton||981,280||684 square kilometers|
|Saskatchewan – Regina||228,928||180 square kilometers|
|Manitoba – Winnipeg||749,534||464 square kilometers|
|Ontario – Ottawa||994,837||520 square kilometers|
|Quebec – Quebec City||542,298||484 square kilometers|
|New Brunswick – Fredericton||58,220||132 square kilometers|
|Prince Edward Island – Charlottetown||36,094||44.3 square kilometers|
|Nova Scotia – Halifax||431,479||234 square kilometers|
|Newfoundland – St.John’s||113,948||446 square kilometers|
|Yukon – Whitehorse||25,085||416 square kilometers|
|Nunavut – Iqaluit||7,740||52.5 square kilometers|
|Northwest Territories – Yellowknife||19,569||136 square kilometers|
#1. Victoria, British Columbia
Victoria is the capital city of British Columbia. Victoria has a population of about 92,141 people and sits on the southeastern coast of Vancouver Island. The climate in Victoria can be described as temperate with mild temperatures all year round.
One thing that sets this city apart from other cities is its strong focus on sustainability which includes reducing energy consumption and building practices to reduce carbon emissions.
Although Victoria is the capital city, it is not the largest in British Columbia. Vancouver is the largest with a population of around 2,500,000.
#2. Edmonton, Alberta
Edmonton is the capital city of Alberta, Canada, and has a population of 981,280. Edmonton is a beautiful and welcoming place to live. It has many outdoor activities that are perfect for any season including biking, hiking, skiing, skating, and more.
#3. Regina, Saskatchewan
The city of Regina is the capital city of Saskatchewan. It has a population just over 228,928 and it is an all around enjoyable place to be. The downtown area has plenty of restaurants and shops to keep you entertained for hours on end. There are also some beautiful lakes nearby that can be enjoyed in summer or winter.
#4. Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of Manitoba, Canada. It has a population of 749,534 people. Winnipeg has been ranked among the top ten most livable cities in the world by Places Rated Almanac since 2007.
It is home to many different cultures with one being Ukrainian and Polish as they are two of the largest ethnic groups in Winnipeg. The cost of living is low, so it’s a great place for someone to find work or start their own business.
#5. Ottawa, Ontario
Ottawa is the capital of Canada and is just a two-hour drive from Montreal. It has a population of 994,837. This city has so much to offer for locals and visitors alike, with plenty of museums, galleries, and festivals happening year-round. It’s also home to one of the country’s most iconic landmarks which is the famous Parliament Hill.
#6. Quebec City, Quebec
Quebec City is the capital city of Quebec, Canada, and has a population of 542,298. It was founded by Samuel de Champlain in 1608 and has been the political center of French culture ever since. The most famous landmark in the city is Chateau Frontenac, a hotel that was built to accommodate wealthy train passengers as they passed through on their way to Montreal.
#7. Fredericton, New Brunswick
Fredericton is a beautiful city in the province of New Brunswick. It has a population of 58,220 and is located on the Saint John River which has been home to many people for years.
The area was first inhabited by Native Americans, then it became an important trading hub for Europeans who came to trade with the natives. Today they are still a major trading center but also have become a major tourist attraction as well.
#8. Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island
Charlottetown is a city located on PEI in Canada. It’s located on the eastern coast of Prince Edward Island and has 36,094 residents. The city is home to the University of Prince Edward Island – which was founded in 1803 by United Empire Loyalists as an English grammar school for boys.
#9. Halifax, Nova Scotia
Halifax is the capital city of Nova Scotia, Canada. It’s located on the east coast of the province at the end of a long peninsula. The Halifax region has a population of 431,479. The city has been home to many important Canadian moments in history such as when it was invaded by American forces during World War II and also for being one of North America’s first settlements.
#10. St.John’s Newfoundland
There are many places to visit in Newfoundland and Labrador, but St. John’s is the capital city of the province and a great place to start any trip. The city of 113,948 residents call St.John’s home.
The province is a rugged land full of natural beauty, welcoming towns, and friendly people. From St. John’s to bustling Corner Brook to picturesque Gros Morne National Park with its unique geological features, there are many opportunities for exploring this fascinating region.
#11. Whitehorse, Yukon
Whitehorse is the capital of Yukon, Canada. It was established in 1898 and has a population of 25,085 people. Whitehorse is famous for its gold rush history and its close proximity to Alaska.
The city offers many different activities like canoeing the mighty Yukon River or visiting a historical site such as Fort Selkirk which is located on the banks of the Yukon River.
#12. Iqaluit, Nunavut
When most people think of Nunavut, they think of the vast Arctic wilderness. In fact, Nunavut is a territory in Northern Canada that stretches from the Atlantic to the Pacific and includes over half a million square kilometers of land with the city of Iqaluit being 52.5 square kilometers.
The capital city of Iqaluit has a population of 7,740 people which is one of the smallest cities in Canada in terms of population.
#13. Yellowknife, Northwest territories
Yellowknife has a population of 19,569 people and is the capital city of the Northwest Territories. Yellowknife offers many tourist attractions, such as The Northern Frontier Visitors Center, which features local artwork and displays from all over Canada’s north.
Capital cities in Canada comparison – population chart
Percentage of population per city
Capital cities in Canada comparison – area chart
Percentage of area per city
What are the 5 largest cities in Canada by population?
The 5 largest cities in Canada in terms of population are:
- Toronto, Ontario – 2,930,000
- Vancouver, British Columbia – 2,581,000
- Montreal , Quebec – 1,780,000
- Calgary, Alberta – 1,334,000
- Edmonton, Alberta – 981,000